Ecological corridors – Lifelines for Ramat Hanadiv

Biological diversity is highly dependent on the quality, quantity, and spatial cohesion of natural areas. Fragmentation of natural habitats severely affects the abundance of species. A solution to this problem is the development of ecological networks, linking core areas of nature by means of corridors and small habitat patches. This report presents the results of an analysis of the ecological network for Ramat Hanadiv. We used the LARCH Landscape ecological model to assess, first, the long-term viability of the wildlife populations of Ramat Hanadiv, and secondly, to identify where the most important landscape connections or corridors are situated.
For this purpose, we have selected the following species which are indicative of Ramat Hanadiv, and may be affected by fragmentation; six mammal species, one bird species, one reptile, and one butterfly species. For these species, ecological information was collected and parameters required for modelling such as habitat preference, home range, and dispersal distance were derived where possible from existing Israeli literature. In some cases data from other areas or from the LARCH database was used. Parameters were adjusted for the local conditions based on expert input.
A land cover map was prepared in GIS based on a land-use map. This map combined with the vegetation map for Ramat Hanadiv, a forest cover map, and remote sensing data for the wider region, is considered of sufficient quality for species modelling.
Of the nine species initially selected, seven species provide meaningful results on the landscape scale, for these habitats. Analysis shows, that only three species are viable in Ramat Hanadiv alone and that almost all require some exchange with surrounding populations. The exchange with surrounding areas is therefore essential for biodiversity in Ramat Hanadiv. In particular, the large mammal species, Roe deer and Mountain gazelle, are vulnerable to fragmentation and are likely to disappear in the long term. However, almost all species will decrease as a result of the scenario of industrial development. 
Specific defragmentation measures are important for Roe deer and Mountain gazelle, but will benefit all other species as well. The best measure to improve viability will be to ensure that corridors eastward are maintained as these are the true ‘lifelines’ for Ramat Hanadiv. The best location for the corridor would be northeast of Ramat Hanadiv, through the industrial zone. Another possible corridor exists in regional plans along the Taninim River, but this possibility has not been studied in detail. This corridor would require further analysis and likely significantly more resources would be required considering the length of the corridor and the current land-use (a much wider corridor would be necessary if the length were to increase). As such, this possibility has not been assessed in this study. The width of the planned corridor (50 m) is insufficient for the important species as the corridor should be at least 100-150 metres wide. Also, the corridor requires that a safe and functional crossing of the main road is developed. This should still be addressed in greater detail.
Additional recommendations for Ramat Hanadiv include involvement of stakeholders in the planning process, development of the quarry, and specific measures to develop a ‘green business site’. Stakeholders are an essential part of a harmonised development plan. The quarry south of Ramat
Hanadiv can add crucial habitat, which can also support wetlands in the region. A green business site can support the environmental goals of Ramat Hanadiv. 
 

 

Of further interest...

Accessibility

An accessible trail through the Nature Park

In the Nature Park at Ramat Hanadiv there are a number of spectacular hiking routes.

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Sustainability

Horticultural Therapy at Ramat Hanadiv

Many studies have demonstrated the link between a green environment, nature or flowering gardens and feelings of calmness and serenity, enjoyment and vitality

For further information >>

Dining Here

Dining

To complete your Ramat Hanadiv experience, you are cordially invited to enjoy the culinary pleasures of Mata’im, the cafe-restaurant on our premises.

For further information >>
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Horticultural Therapy at Ramat Hanadiv

הגינה הטיפולית ברמת הנדיב

Many studies have demonstrated the link between a green environment, nature or flowering gardens and feelings of calmness and serenity, enjoyment and vitality. Lovers of gardening attest to the advantages of gardening and the benefits they derive from it, as an activity that is calming and enjoyable, arouses the senses, works the muscles and allows artistic expression that bears fruit, literally and figuratively. Gardening is universal: it crosses borders, cultures and sectors.
At Ramat Hanadiv Gardens, which are designed for the enjoyment of the entire population, a horticultural therapy program has been working since 2000 to expose people with special needs to gardening, and no less importantly – connect them with the community. The underlying principle of this program follows the approach that attaches great importance to integrating people with special needs, such as intellectual and developmental disabilities or mental health issues, and at-risk youth, who are generally ostracized from society, in a normative setting that enables contact with the garden’s employees and exposure to visitors and tourists.

גינון טיפולי

A number of programs are run at Ramat Hanadiv within the framework of horticultural therapy:

1. Circle of growth

This is a group that meets regularly throughout the year. The group, comprising adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities, meets up weekly for three hours of horticultural therapy. The activity takes place in the memorial gardens and the therapeutic garden – an enabling garden, located in a designated site within the operations area of Ramat Hanadiv. In the enabling garden the group has its own garden, and each participant has their own gardening bed. This garden combines materials from the rich natural environment of Ramat Hanadiv with original ideas to create a charming corner that is pleasant to visit. The members of the group work, according to their abilities, in a range of gardening jobs: weeding, raking leaves, pruning, turning the soil, transferring seedlings to pots, sowing, planting, preparing cuttings, transferring seedlings, watering and so on

 In the enabling garden the participants experience first-hand the process of growing a plant, from the sowing stage to the withering stage, and the change of seasons. They learn to look after the plants and enjoy their fruits. At the end of the day, a wrap-up discussion is held, in which each participant is given the opportunity to share their experiences. From time to time, to break the routine, the group has an activity outside of the garden: a walking tour in Ramat Hanadiv’s nature park, or a picnic in nature and preparation of herbal tea at the nearby spring.

In these activities, the group is joined by volunteers and interns, some of them horticultural therapy students, and others with an affinity for gardening who are interested in becoming familiar with this field and experiencing it personally.

פעילות במסגרת תכנית תורמים בגינה
2. Giving to the Garden
The project, “Giving to the Garden” provides an opportunity for diverse sectors of the population with special needs to give and to benefit, via gardening and an interpersonal interaction with other volunteers and the horticultural gardening staff. The program operates on a fixed day of the week. Its main aim is working in the garden in a supportive environment, and it is suitable for a wide range of ages. The work conditions are adapted to a range of needs: raised garden beds that enable working in comfort without bending over, working next to a table, and more.

3. One-off group visitsWith a view to offering more people direct, active, healing and nurturing contact with the garden and with the natural and human environment, different groups are hosted in the therapeutic garden from time to time for practical workshops, during which the visitors are exposed to the therapeutic, enabling, accepting and rewarding aspects of gardening. Similarly, professional study tours, workshops and training courses take place in partnership with different organizations, for horticultural therapists and professionals.

Contact us by telephone: 04-6298109 or email