The Kabara Cave was first discovered in 1927 by M. Stekalis whem he worked with many others in the draining the Kabara swamps. The British archaeologist Dorothy Garrod who started digging in Nahal HaMe’arot the caves of Ha-Tanur (et-Tabun), Nahal (el-Wad), and Hagdi (ss-Skhul) since 1929 visited the cave there with T. D. McCown. On Garrod's suggestion, her classmate from Oxford, Francis Turville-Petre, began excavations at the Kabara Cave. His one-season lasted a number of months and turned up remains from pre-historic cultures now called Natufian, Kebaran and Upper Paleolithic. During Hhs former excavations in 1925-6 in the cave of Zuttiyen in Nahal Amud where he discovered a remains of an old skull, now dated to about 300,000 years ago, and Garrod’s discoveries of human graves in Me’arat Hagdi and in Tanur cave, all dated today to the time from 120,000 to 50,000 years ago, attracted international attention and demonstrated the importance of Mt. Carmel in the global human evolution.