The Chalcolithic Period – Horvat Eleq at Ramat Hanadiv
In excavations conducted in Horvat Eleq at Ramat Hanadiv, no remains of buildings from this period were found; the main discoveries included a flint hatchet (in the attached photo), used by the site’s residents as a tool for agricultural activities, and a shard of a butter churn, used to produce dairy products. This discovery hints at the presence of humans and human activity in Horvat Eleq already during this period. The name of the Chalcolithic period can be explained by the meanings of its Greek components: chalcos – copper and lithos – stone. This period witnessed the first use of metal tools alongside stone tools.