Reintroduction of roe deer to the Carmel Ridge. A study of acclimization and dispersal

The roe deer Capreolus capreolus ranges extensively in the palaearctic region From Britain to the Iberian Peninsular, Scandinavia, Poland, Western USSR, Siberia east to the Sea of Japan, Manchuria, Parts of China and Korea, it also occurs in Transcaucasia, Asia Minor and Iran. In Arabia it was found in the forested mountains of the northern parts of the region. The sub species C. capreolus coxi was described by Tristram in “the bare hilly country of North East Galilee” and later it was recorded from Mount Carmel. Roe deer disappeared from the Carmel region in 1912. Following a large hunt organized by a German butcher from Haifa. A plan was made by the NRA to reintroduce roe deer to the Carmel by establishing a breeding nucleus in the Hai-Bar Carmel. Deer were brought from Holland, Hungary and France. In 1996 five animals were released in the Hai-Bar area, three of which died a day after release, another surviving a week and the fifth presumed dead after a month. Due to low predation pressure and high availability of drinking water, Ramat HaNadiv was selected as being the preferred reintroduction site. In 1997 the first releases of four does and one buck were made. Since then, we monitored the Ramat HaNadiv deer population using radio telemetry and other tracking techniques. Preliminary results on the acclimatization and dispersal of the roe deer at the Ramat HaNadiv Park are described.

Bill Woodley
SPNI and Yad HaNadiv

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An accessible trail through the Nature Park

In the Nature Park at Ramat Hanadiv there are a number of spectacular hiking routes.

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The Footprint Garden

The term ‘ecological footprint’ is taking shape in the western part of the Visitors Pavilion. A large gardening plot shaped like a foot lies in the middle of the area, with the heel pointing north, and the five toes, as one unit – to the south.

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Dining Here


To complete your Ramat Hanadiv experience, you are cordially invited to enjoy the culinary pleasures of Mata’im, the cafe-restaurant on our premises.

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