As his 80th birthday grew closer, Baron Edmond de Rothschild decided to undertake a fifth trip to Eretz Israel against his doctors' advice. He wanted to see with his own eyes the realization of his vision and to observe at close hand the difficulties and problems in the Yishuv, in order to better help solve them during his remaining years. His ship dropped its anchor at the Tantura beach on 10 May 1925 so that he could visit Zikhron Ya'akov and the new block of settlements that had been established in the vicinity. Sensing that this might well be his final visit to Eretz Israel, all the Jews of the colony turned out to pay due tribute to 'the Well-known Benefactor' and his wife.
The Baron also made a point of seeing Tel Aviv, already a dynamic city of 40,000 residents. The entire population filled the streets with applause for the venerated philanthropist. In the Great Synagogue were gathered the Yishuv's notables, and the speech the Baron gave there was his last testament to the Yishuv. One of his aides read a Hebrew translation of the address, and the speech itself, framed in gold, has been preserved to this day on the central platform (bimah) of the synagogue.