Enough Already of these Boars!
As our regular readers know, the wild boar population in many areas of the world, among them the Mediterranean and specifically Israel, has increased dramatically in the past four decades. Achiad Davidson Gilron, a PhD. student conducting research at Ramat Hanadiv and Hanadiv Valley, has now written and edited an on-line booklet, the first of its kind, on the subject of wild boars. His work organizes comprehensive data from around Israel and the world about the rapidly growing population of wild boars, their conflicts with human beings, and the methods of coping with these issues. The user-friendly presentation of the material is meant to help all parties in the relevant authorities formulate measures to deal with problems caused locally by the animals' 'invasion' of residential and agricultural areas. To read the online edition of the booklet, click here.
During the two years that Davidson Gilron has been engaged in his research, he realized that there is a lack of in-depth and comprehensive data in Israel on the subject, specifically in terms of statistics, the breadth of the problem, and the ways it has been addressed. His work reveals that there are diverse options for dealing with the issues, and not every case is suited to the identical method. In his text on the various modus operandi, he comprehensively mapped all the possible methods and options appropriate to the conditions that characterized every single case, thereby enabling professionals in the various authorities to relate to the plethora of data, draw their own conclusions and make maximal use of the information.
In recent years, wild boars have expanded their geographic distribution into new areas. Due to their ability to thrive in close proximity to human beings, they sometimes invade neighbourhoods in the city and country. This can cause a range of serious problems: collisions with vehicles, a decrease in the amount and richness of wildlife, increased damage to agriculture, and disease and epidemics among animals as well as human beings.
Davidson Gilron's booklet brings together a broad review of the literature, which includes information regarding the wild boar's dispersion, diet, social and reproductive structures, habitats and movement in the larger space; the increase in their population and dispersion and conflicts with human populations; the effects of hunting on the animals' behaviours; types of management that have been used across Israel and the world to deal with the boars; tracking the effects of these management operations on the wild boar population; observation of decision-making processes, in order to increase the various options for management; background material on wild boars in Israel and previous studies that have been conducted, among others, at Ramat Hanadiv; the goals of collecting additional data on the wild boar population living in the area; gaps in our knowledge; and the challenges that lie ahead.